Dementia

What is Dementia? Dementia is a condition which involves progressive and cognitive deficits. It usually affects memory first, with subsequent progression to cause dysphasia, agnosia, apraxia, diminished ability with executive function and eventually personality disintegration. Causes of Dementia It is caused by damage to or loss of nerve cells and their connections in the brain. … Read more

Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate cancer Prostate cancer is any abnormal and uncontrollable prostate cells growth. Ninety-five per cent of these tumours are adenocarcinomas. The majority of men affected are aged between 65 and 85 years. The incidence increases with age. It is recommended that every male, 40 years and above, should have annual screening by Prostate … Read more

Fournier’s gangrene

What is is a Fournier’s gangrene? Fournier’s Gangrene is an acute fulminant polymicrobial necrotising fascitis or gangrene affecting the scrotum and sometimes extending to the perineum, penis and lower abdomen. It is also called idiopathic gangrene of the scrotum. The synergistic infections of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria coupled with obliterative arteritis results in the extensive … Read more

Acute Epididymo-orchitis

Acute Epididymo-orchitis is an acute inflammation of the epididymis and testis usually due to a bacterial infection. It may follow ascending infection from the urethra (including STIS), instrumentation/catheterization, untreated lower urinary tract obstruction and genito-urinary surgery. It is a known complication of mumps. Poorly managed acute epididymo-orchitis may be complicated by septicaemia, abscess formation, chronic … Read more

Vasectomy (Male Sterilisation)

Introduction to Vasectomy (Male Sterilisation) Vasectomy (male sterilisation) is a permanent male contraceptive method, which is a simple, short and safe surgical procedure. It is carried out by trained surgeons usually under local anaesthesia after careful counselling and informed consent. Vasectomy is the most effective male family planning method. Involving males in issues of reproductive … Read more

Scrotal Masses

Introduction to Scrotal Masses Scrotal masses are swellings found in the scrotum. Let us abbreviate this condition to SM. Causes of Scrotal Masses The causes of scrotal masses will be discussed under types of SM which are: Causing of painless SM Causes of painful SM 1. Painless Swellings¬† The causes of painless SM include the … Read more

Acute Cystitis

Introduction to Acute Cystitis Acute cystitis is an acute inflammation of the bladder. Women are affected 10 times more than men due to the shortness of their urethra compared to that of men. 40% -50% of all women will develop cystitis in their lifetime. The ascending faecal-perineal-urethral route is the primary mode of infection. Occasionally … Read more