Systemic Lupus Erythematosus treatment guideline

Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic auto immune disorder with a broad spectrum of manifestations. In systemic lupus erythematosus condition, the immune system attacks its own tissues, causing widespread inflammation and tissue damage in the affected organs It affects all organs and systems. It presents as a chronic disease with a waxing and … Read more

Septic Arthritis

Introduction Septic arthritis is infection of one or more joints by microorganisms. Any joint may be involved but usually large joint such as knee or ankle. It is mostly due to bacteria, but can also be due to fungal, viral, or protozoan agent, rickettsia. Staphylococcus aureus is the commonest organism. Other organisms are Klebsiella pneumonia … Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic auto-immune inflammatory arthritis. In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue, including joints. In severe cases, it attacks internal organs. Autoantibodies that are characteristic of RA, including rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrulluninated protein antibodies (ACPA), are present before clinical disease onset. It typically affects females more … Read more


Introduction Gout is a crystalline inflammatory disease, due to monosodium urate monohydrate crystals deposition in the joint and tissues. It is a common form of arthritis that causes intensive pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. It is due either to excessive uric acid production from intrinsic purine metabolism or extrinsic (dietary). Due to decrease … Read more

Back Pain

Introduction Back pain is defined as pain along the spine stretching from the neck downward and including the buttocks area. It affects the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccyx spines. It is probably the commonest affliction of mankind. It affects all ages groups and sex. Most cases are due to mechanical causes: -poor posture, overuse, … Read more